A Nation's flag is a stirring sight as it flies in the wind. Its bright colours and striking design stand for the country's land, its government, and its ideals. A nation's flag can stir its people to joy, to courage, and to sacrifice. Many citizens have died to protect their national flag from dishonour and disgrace.

The Egyptians flew the first flag like symbols many thousands of years ago. They tied streamers to the tops of long poles. Soldiers carried these poles into battle hoping that their gods would help them win. The people of Assyria, and later the Greeks and the Romans used symbols in the same way. Their symbols usually stood for their gods or their ruler.

The flag was an important rallying point in the history of the Twelve Tribes of Israel. (See separate paper entitled "The Coat of Arms of The United Grand Lodge of New South Wales

The symbols used in flags go back thousands of years. The Shield of David, an ancient symbol of the Jews, popularly known as "The Star of David", appears on the flag of Israel. The Cross, a symbol of Christianity, is on the flag of many Christian nations. The Crescent and Star are featured on many flags of Moslem orientated nations.

The study of the history and symbolism of flags is called vexillology. The name comes from the Latin word vexillum, meaning square flag or banner. Soldiers of ancient Rome carried a square military flag, which hung from a crossbar fastened to a staff.

The Grand Master's Standard is, in fact, a Banner.

A Standard, like a flag, flies from a mast, pole, or staff; whereas a Banner is constructed so as to be supported upon, or suspended from, a horizontal spar. A Banner is an ensign, generally square, painted or embroidered with the arms of the person or office in whose honour it is borne.

The lower edge of a Banner is treated in such a manner as to give a finish, and thereby demonstrate clearly that the Banner is not to be flown from a mast. Three methods are used:

1.The edge may be rounded;

2.The edge may be brought to an obtuse point; or

3.The edge may be provided with three or more triangular or semi‑circular tails.

Similar ensigns or devices elevated upon a horizontal crossbar and suspended from a staff and carried in a solemn ecclesiastical procession are generally referred to as banners, but their correct title is qonfalon or gonfanon.

As stated earlier the ensign borne in front of the Grand Master is, in fact, a Banner, but as the Grand Officer whose duty is to precede the Grand Master with the Banner is officially designated in the Book of Constitutions as the Grand Standard Bearer and the device he is appointed to carry is referred to as the "Standard" the Banner will henceforth be referred to as the Grand Master's Standard. (See Regulation 31 of the Book of Constitutions.)

The Grand Master's Standard is an adaptation of the Coat of Arms of the State of New South Wales with the addition of a Royal Crown. The escutcheon is varied considerably to depict the Badge of The United Grand Lodge of New South Wales with the legend "United Grand Lodge of New South Wales" around the perimeter, with the date of the establishment of the Grand Lodge and the motto featured.

The supporters are a lion on the dexter or left hand side with a kangaroo on the sinister or right hand side.

The motto orta recens quam pura rites, meaning, "Recently risen, how purely thou shinest," is the motto of the State of New South Wales.