The regalia worn by the Grand Master is prescribed by the Book of Constitutions and consists of the Apron, the Chain, the Jewel and the Gauntlets.

Apron is of white lambskin, lined with garter blue and edged with garter blue ribbon. It is bordered on the sides and flap with gold braid and bullion fringe. It carries three Taus or Levels of gold placed as in the case of Masters and Past Masters. The symbolic use of gold needs no elaboration nor does the choice of garter blue, both being indicative of high office.

The Taus or Levels were introduced in England after the 1813 Union to be worn by Masters and Past Masters in place of the rosettes. They are probably not strictly Levels as we know them in the sense of a Working Tool or the Senior Warden’s jewel of office; originally they were described as perpendicular lines upon horizontal lines, alluding to “all squares, levels and perpendiculars”

The Apron is decorated with gold embroidery depicting a Blazing Sun in the centre, Lotuses and Pomegranates on the blue ribbon and flap and the Seven-eared Wheat at each corner.

The Blazing Sun refers to the Glory in the Centre. As we hear in the address to a newly installed Worshipful Master, it emphasises the ideal of communicating light and instruction to the brethren and, being a symbol of sovereignty, it signifies authority.

The Lotus was regarded by many ancient peoples as a sacred symbol signifying “the world” and to others “universality” It belongs to the lily family and so became also an emblem of punty and peace.

  As explained in the Lecture on  the Second Degree Tracing Board, Pomegranates, from the abundance of their seed, are symbols of plenty and fertility and, by extension, the spread and increase of the Order.

The Seven-eared Wheat presents two symbols. Emblematically wheat is synonymous with corn, grain and bread. Its particular masonic reference is to abundance, also demonstrated at one point in the ceremony of Consecration. There are many symbols associated with the

number ‘seven’ It refers to the Third Degree, the number of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the requisite number of brethren to make a Lodge perfect and, indeed, has many other references, often being called the perfect number. It is also found in the seven stars on First Degree Tracing Board and the number contained in each of the two groups of tassels suspended on the Apron.

The Apron’s most important lesson is that all its symbolic decoration, however beautiful and instructive, is nevertheless built upon the basic white lambskin of the Entered Apprentice, with all that is implied in such a lesson The Chain is of gold and is mounted on garter blue ribbon with shoulder bows on each side The Chain has been a distinguishing mark of office and dignity for centuries.

The Links of the Chain are connected by knots and are composed of: —

Nine irradiated five-point stars, each within a circle. The number five has an important masonic place, referring to the Fellow Craft Degree, the Five Points of Fellowship which were at one time found in the working of the Fellow Craft Degree, the five Noble Orders of Architecture and the number of brethren who hold a Lodge. In early times, before the working of the Master Mason Degree, a Grand Master was required to be a Fellow Craft before his election The five point star is found again in the ritual as “that bright morning star”.

Between the stars are four monograms of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales together with four alternate presentations of a serpent entwined in a double knot and having its tail in its mouth. The serpent thus has a semblance to a cable which could well have been intended to refer to the cable tow When shown with its tail in its mouth, it is a symbol of both wisdom and eternity.

Jewel is worn suspended from the Chain beneath a white enamelled shield bearing part of the heraldic arms of New South Wales, viz, a red cross with golden eight point stars on each of its four arms and a golden lion passant guardant in the centre This shield and the monogram chain links signify the State of Jurisdiction, i.e. New South Wales. The Jewel consists of the Compasses extended to forty- five degrees having a segment of a circle at the points. Included within its arms is an irradiated gold plate on which is superimposed the All-Seeing Eye in a circle, both within an equilateral triangle.

The Compasses are one of the three Great Emblematic Lights and teach us to keep our passions and prejudices within due bounds. The Lecture on the First Tracing Board explains their application to the Grand Master in particular, referring to his dignity as chief head and ruler in the Craft. As a Working Tool in the Third Degree the Compasses teach the concept of unerring justice and impartiality. There is no special significance in being extended to forty-five degrees.

The Rays emanating from the gold plate are symbolical of the Glow of the GAOTU.

The All-Seeing Eye is an old symbol of the Deity’s unlimited power of sight and knowledge. It is referred to ritually in the closing of the Fellow Craft Lodge.

The Equilateral Triangle is also an ancient symbol associated with the Deity representing His three equally- prominent faculties of omnipresence, omnipotence and omniscience. It is often found in conjunction with the Volume of the Sacred Law on the jewel of the Chaplain.

The Gauntlets are of garter blue with embroidery, braid and bullion all of gold with the Jewel reproduced in the centre. In New South Wales, as in some other Constitutions, this Jewel is enclosed within a wreath of corn and wheat. Originally all gauntlets were extensions of the gloves. They do not carry any other special - significance or symbolism.